viernes, 4 de diciembre de 2015

WHO Releases First Global Estimates of Foodborne Disease

One in 10 sickened annually around the world each year

About one in every 10 people around the world are affected by foodborne disease each year. Of those 600 million people, 420,000 die as a result.
These numbers are the first global estimates — conservative ones — of foodborne illnesses and were calculated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The comprehensive report, published Thursday, Dec. 3, incorporated 31 foodborne hazards, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, toxins and chemicals.
Diarrheal diseases were responsible for most of the global burden, causing 550 million illnesses and 230,000 deaths, WHO reported. In addition, children younger than 5 years old carried 40 percent of the foodborne disease burden, despite representing only 9 percent of the global population.
31 Foodborne Hazards in WHO Global Estimates
Diarrheal Disease Agents
Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Entamoeba histolytica, Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), Giardia spp., Norovirus, Salmonella enterica (non-invasive infections) non-typhoidal, Shigella spp., Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), Vibrio cholerae
Invasive Infectious Disease Agents
Brucella spp., Hepatitis A virus, Listeria spp., Mycobacterium bovis, Salmonella enterica (invasive infections) non-typhoidal, Salmonella enterica Paratyphi A, Salmonella enterica Typhi
Ascaris spp., Echinococcus multilocularis, Echinococcus granulosus, Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola spp., Intestinal flukes, Opisthorchis spp., Paragonimus spp., Taenia solium, Toxoplasma gondii, Trichinella spp.
Aflatoxin, Cassava cyanide, Dioxin

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