lunes, 20 de abril de 2015

Listeria risk awareness should be increased ¬ ECDC

 The highest number of listeriosis cases was from Germany
Awareness about listeriosis from RTE foods in risk groups, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Despite the relatively low number of cases caused by Listeria the average case fatality rate was 16%, for all other diseases looked at, the rate was below 1%. Findings come as part of a report looking at food and waterborne diseases in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) between 2010 and 2012. The surveillance report looked at campylobacteriosis, listeriosis, non­-typhoidal salmonellosis, shigellosis, Shiga toxin/verocytotoxin producing E.coli (STEC/VTEC) infections, typhoid and paratyphoid fever and yersiniosis.
Listeria concerns. Of special concern are Listeria infections among the elderly. Hospital related outbreaks remain a significant concern and underscore the high infection risk related to processed, ready­ to­ eat (RTE) foods in settings where vulnerable population groups. An increasing trend in domestically acquired listeriosis cases between 2008 and 2012. In the two years, 4,851 cases, representing an average rate of 0.35 per 100,000 population and 517 deaths. The highest number of listeriosis cases was from Germany, accounting for 23% of all reported cases, followed by France with 19% and the UK with 11%. Reported human listeriosis cases were most frequently associated with serotypes 1/2a and 4b and there was increase in notification rates in age group older than 65 years.
Campylobacter and Salmonella: Campylobacteriosis continued to be the most commonly reported zoonosis, with 662,521 confirmed cases and an average notification rate of 67 per 100,000 population in 2010–2012. Confirmed cases in the EU/EEA followed an increasing trend in the last five years (2008–2012), with a clear seasonality and peaking of cases in June–August. The majority (about 90%) of Campylobacter infections acquired in EU/EEA countries. C. jejuni remained stable, while C. coli increased significantly in 2008–2012.
A stable trend in confirmed shigellosis cases with the average notification rate of 1.8 per 100,000 population, with 21,969 reported cases in 2010–2012. Two thirds of the reported cases were travel ­related from countries outside the EU/EEA. Shigella sonnei was the most commonly reported species (56% of total species reported) in 2010–2012, followed by S. flexneri (33% of total species reported). The trend in S. flexneri cases significantly increased during 2008–2012. STEC/VTEC infections showed a significantly increasing trend over the surveillance period. Even without counting, the cases reported in the STEC/VTEC O104:H4 outbreak in Germany in 2011, the trend was significantly increasing in 2008–2010. In 2010–2012, 18,995 confirmed STEC/VTEC cases (1.7 cases per 100,000 population). The number of cases reported in 2012 increased by 55% (2,037 cases) compared with 2010. An increasing number of reports of confirmed STEC/VTEC cases is possibly an effect of increased awareness and improved capacity in the EU/EEA countries following the outbreak.
Of those isolates of known serogroup, the most frequent was E. coli O157 (55%). The five most common STEC/VTEC serotypes were O157:H7 (26%), O157:H­ (10%), O104:H4 (6.1%), O26:H11 (5.8%) and O103:H2 (5.7%), 90% of infections were of domestic origin.

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